A Guide on How Electric Cars Work

Kia Soul EV
Kia Soul EV

Have you ever wondered how electric cars work? Vehicles like the Kia Soul EV—the electric version of Kia’s popular crossover—run entirely on electric battery power rather than using combustion to convert fuel into energy. But how?

Electric cars are actually a lot simpler than gas-powered cars, which have more moving parts. Electric cars don’t have a transmission or engine, just a battery and an electric motor. You charge an electric car just like you charge other electronic devices: by plugging it into a wall socket, which feeds the battery.

When you drive an electric car, the motor, which is powered by the battery, doesn’t need extra torque to go faster or start again from being stopped, because there’s no combustion process happening. Electric cars actually feel smoother to drive because of this—there’s no gear shifting, and speeding up doesn’t cause the motor to get louder.

Electric cars aren’t perfect—their mileage limitations, charging times, and battery replacement costs can still be prohibitive—but their more simple mechanics and sustainability are definitely preferable.

2017 Kia Sportage Earns IIHS Top Safety Pick Plus Status

2017 Kia Sportage
2017 Kia Sportage

The 2017 Kia Sportage has been named an IIHS Top Safety Pick Plus, the highest designation given by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, which performs crash tests on new vehicles each year to determine how well they perform in collision situations.

The IIHS updated its testing requirements this year and made it more difficult to earn a Top Safety Pick or Top Safety Pick Plus award. The 2017 Sportage is one of just a few cars that have managed to perform at this high of a level.

Top Safety Pick and Top Safety Pick Plus are both distinguished honors, but the Plus designation indicates the vehicle has extra technology meant to prevent crashes that works exceptionally well when tested. The Kia Sportage’s wide range of driver assist features, from autonomous emergency braking to parking assist, help keep drivers from making small mistakes like drifting into another lane.

The Sportage is significantly improved from last year—it now moves less in overlap crashes and earned superior ratings in the front crash prevention category, as well as good ratings for side impact, roof strength, and more.