A Guide on How Electric Cars Work

Kia Soul EV
Kia Soul EV

Have you ever wondered how electric cars work? Vehicles like the Kia Soul EV—the electric version of Kia’s popular crossover—run entirely on electric battery power rather than using combustion to convert fuel into energy. But how?

Electric cars are actually a lot simpler than gas-powered cars, which have more moving parts. Electric cars don’t have a transmission or engine, just a battery and an electric motor. You charge an electric car just like you charge other electronic devices: by plugging it into a wall socket, which feeds the battery.

When you drive an electric car, the motor, which is powered by the battery, doesn’t need extra torque to go faster or start again from being stopped, because there’s no combustion process happening. Electric cars actually feel smoother to drive because of this—there’s no gear shifting, and speeding up doesn’t cause the motor to get louder.

Electric cars aren’t perfect—their mileage limitations, charging times, and battery replacement costs can still be prohibitive—but their more simple mechanics and sustainability are definitely preferable.

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